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What exactly is Paresthesia?

Paresthesia is an unusual feeling or sensation in the body which causes things such as numbness, itching, burning, etc. The area where it most prominently occurs is the area which is exposed or in the extremities such as legs, hands, feet, fingers, etc. However, it can occur in other body parts as well. Paresthesia generally occurs for a short term and occurs for a few seconds sometimes and vanishes quickly. The cause for this can be anxiety, or sleeping on your arm in the wrong direction, sitting with crossed legs for a long time. However, it can be of a longer duration, which signals the problem to be a more serious condition. Chronic Paresthesia signifies a major nervous breakdown. The causes of this can be some sort of infection, trauma or various abnormal processes which need to be treated immediately.

Paresthesia can be described as a situation where one feels the pins and needles sensation. Everyone in their lifetimes does go through this sensation as it is very common. It is basically a loss of sensation in the body due to feel one feels numb and is not at all linked to paralyzes as paralyzes involve both losses of sensation and loss of body.



Causes of Paresthesia

Paresthesia is a very common problem which has a number of causes and wide-range. The various causes are

1. Dehydration

2. Malnutrition or lack of vitamins in the body

3. Severe migraine

4. Menopause for the woman

5. Neurological disorders

6. Deficiency in the immune system

7. Multiple strokes

8. Injury in the nerve

9. Diabetes

10. Very high blood pressure

11. Compressed nerve

12. Tumor in the brain

13. Various kinds of infections

14. Excess of Vitamins especially vitamin D

15. Fabry diseases


The various symptoms of Paresthesia are  

1. A sensation of pin and needle.

2. A feeling of numbness in the area which is affected

3. Skin becoming very hot or cold

4. Itching feeling

5. Burning pain


The common people who get Paresthesia: Though short term paresthesia is very common, some factors increase the chances of getting the pinched nerve which is:

1. Woman: Amongst men and woman, a woman has a higher chance, because they have a narrow nerve canal.

2. People suffering from obesity: Generally, heavyweight people suffer from these diseases because they put a lot of pressure on the nerves. Even while sitting with crossed legs, a lot of weight is put on the legs which cause a sensation of numbness.

3. People suffering from thyroid: Thyroid currently is a very common disease caused by the lack of goiter in the body. People who are suffering from thyroid are at a higher risk.

4. Pregnancy duration: The time during pregnancy is very delicate and woman needs to take care of utmost care. During pregnancy, there is an excess of weight and water, which leads to swelling and as a result causes pressure on the nerves.

5. Long bed-rests:  Lying down for extended or long periods causes compression of nerves which in turn increases the risk of paresthesia.

6. Arthritis: This a very common problem with the age group between 40-60. It is related to the jamming of the legs or the knees. Arthritis causes inflammation, which compresses the joints and the nerves.

7. Overuse of body parts: This is especially for people in the sports line, who overuse their hands, legs, elbows, feet’s, etc. have a higher chance of suffering from paresthesia.



Treatment of Paresthesia:

The treatment of this disease is heavily dependent on the causes. The various ways of how paresthesia can be treated are as follows:

1. Considerate amount of rest: Rest is considered as the solution to every disease possible. In the case of paresthesia, where a person goes through a pinched nerve, he/she needs to rest to overcome the situation. As it becomes vital to put a stop to the activities which are causing nerve pinching, in order to allow tissue healing. In such a situation resting, or bracing is needed to stop the movement.For example, a wrist brace can be used to overcome the situation. However, it should be noted that using a brace for longer periods of time can have various side effects. Hence, it should only be done after a recommendation from a doctor.

2. Therapy: Physical therapy is generally done to give strength to the muscles which are surrounding the nerve that is affected. Strong muscles help to relieve the compression in the tissues and improve flexibility.

3. Surgery: Generally, surgery should be the last option. It should only be considered, after exploring and exhausting all the ways of treatment. Surgery means removing a bone spur, releasing the ligament. Though the type of surgery depends on the specific symptoms which a person is experiencing.

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